by len king on Feb 05, 2023
There are several types of ventilators, depending on how people receive ventilator support. These include:
Manual resuscitation bag
Face mask ventilators are non-invasive. Mechanical and tracheotomy ventilators are invasive and work through a tube that the doctor inserts through a hole in the neck leading to the trachea, or windpipe. For some people, a face mask ventilator may be enough to stabilize their condition. People who are physically struggling to breathe on their own may need mechanical ventilation.
What are the risks of using a ventilator?
If you have a ventilator, it may save your life. However, like other treatments, it can cause potential side effects. Here we list some of the most common risks associated with ventilators:
Infection, such as a sinus infection.
Vocal cord injury from prolonged intubation.
Atelectasis develops when the lungs are not fully inflated, limiting the amount of oxygen that reaches the bloodstream.
Excessive oxygen or air pressure can cause lung damage.
Pulmonary edema occurs when fluid builds up in the air sacs of the lungs.
A pneumothorax occurs when air leaks from the lungs into the space outside them, causing pain, shortness of breath and, in some cases, complete collapse of the lungs.
Resting in one position for long periods of time can lead to bedsores or blood clots.
Doctors and nurses can take steps to reduce the likelihood of these complications. These steps include:
Closely monitor people on ventilators for signs of complications.
Adjust air pressure and oxygen levels to match the patient's normal levels.
Wear personal protective equipment to prevent the spread of the virus and prevent it from spreading to others.
Bacterial infections are treated with antibiotics.