The main purpose of rehabilitation at this time is to improve the patient's ability to perform daily activities, restore damaged cardiopulmonary function as much as possible, prevent or alleviate various complications caused by slow obstructive pulmonary disease, and lay a good foundation for the following autumn and winter. So what exactly should be done?
01 / Adhere to the medication
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is divided into a "stable phase" and an "acute exacerbation phase". In summer, most patients are in the stable stage, and the disease is relatively mild in this stage.
But the stable stage does not mean cured! Adherence to treatment is very important, do not stop treatment on your own! For patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, adherence to treatment during the stabilization period can prevent acute exacerbations to a certain extent, improve the patient's ability to perform daily activities, and slow down the continuous decline of cardiopulmonary function.
02 / Use air conditioning with caution
Improper use of air conditioners can easily cause "heat stroke". Once a patient with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease suffers from heat stroke, the resulting symptoms such as cold and cough will aggravate the disease and may cause an acute attack of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
Keep the temperature around 27°C and keep warm to avoid getting cold.
● Drink plenty of water to keep your airways moistened.
● Clean the air conditioner regularly to remove dust and dirt.
03 / Dietary regimen
Eat a balanced diet and consume high quality protein. The proportion of protein in the diet should be about 15%-20%, fat should be about 20%-30%, and carbohydrate should be about 50%-60%.
● Limit carbohydrate intake and promote whole grain intake, such as whole wheat bread and pasta.
● Take reasonable vitamins and minerals, such as phosphorus, magnesium, potassium, copper, iron, selenium, and vitamins A, C, E and β-carotene.
● Eat small and frequent meals; take oral nutritional supplements if there are problems with digestion and absorption, etc.
04 / Respiratory function training
Mainly includes: abdominal breathing, lip reduction breathing training.
05 / Exercise
Reduced exercise will further weaken cardiorespiratory activity. The worse the cardiorespiratory function is, the less smooth the breathing is, and the less willing to exercise, which will lead to a vicious circle.
●Projects: Walking, jogging, swimming, stair climbing, mountain climbing, taijiquan, etc.
● Exercise duration: insist on 5 to 10 minutes each time, 4 to 5 times a day. After gradually getting used to it, you can extend the time to 20 to 30 minutes each time, 3 to 4 times a day.
06/ Home oxygen therapy
The purpose of long-term oxygen therapy is to make the arterial partial pressure of oxygen (PaO2) ≥ 55mmHg or make the arterial oxygen saturation (SaO2) ≥ 88% in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, so that the function of important organs can be maintained and normal oxygen supply can be ensured. Thus, it is possible to improve the patient's quality of life and reduce the number of acute attacks. The use of nasal cannula low-flow oxygen is generally recommended for no less than 15 hours per day.