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What is Sleep Apnea Syndrome?

by len king on Apr 18, 2023

What is Sleep Apnea Syndrome?

Obstructive sleep apnea hypoventilation syndrome (OSA) is commonly known as "snoring". It refers to the apnea and hypoventilation caused by repeated collapse and obstruction of the upper airway during sleep, which can directly lead to sleep structural disorders, hypoxemia, hypercapnia, significant changes in intrathoracic pressure and increased sympathetic nerve activity, and may lead to multi-organ and multi-system damage such as hypertension, coronary heart disease and type 2 diabetes.

Typical features of OSA:
●Waking up by your own snoring
● Feeling of breath-holding while sleeping
●Waking up with dry mouth and headache
● Daytime sleepiness, irritability, and lack of concentration

How to treat OSA?
1. General treatment
Reduce weight, quit smoking, quit drinking, and pay attention to the careful use of sedatives (such as sleeping pills, etc.).

2. Postural treatment
Sleep in the lateral position and elevate the head of the bed appropriately.

3. Oral appliance treatment
The expansion of the upper airway by oral appliance is not limited to a certain section, but has obvious expansion from palatopharynx to linguopharynx, especially the mandibular advancement type appliance is suitable for snoring patients with multi-point obstruction.

4. Surgical treatment
Surgical treatment is used to reduce and eliminate airway obstruction and prevent collapse of the soft tissues of the airway. The choice of surgical method depends on the site of airway obstruction, severity, presence of morbid obesity and general condition.

Ventilator is the first choice for OSA treatment

For people with OSA , ventilators are the treatment of choice for moderate to severe obstructive sleep apnea syndrome.
When worn while sleeping, the ventilator will open the airway directly through a certain level of positive pressure, which can prevent airway collapse and allow the airway to be open, thus preventing the appearance of snoring. Not only does it reduce the occurrence of sleep apnea, it also improves daytime sleepiness and reduces the incidence of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular complications in the long run.
Kongsang can provide non-invasive ventilation therapy for patients with obstructive sleep apnea or respiratory insufficiency, and can be used in both hospital and home settings.

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